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The effects of mother-infant interaction program on breast-feeding rate, infant temperament and maternal self-esteem
Journal of the Korean Data & Information Science Society 2018;29:141-51
Published online January 31, 2018
© 2018 Korean Data and Information Science Society.

Gun Ja Jang1 · Soon Yang Jang2 · Yeon Ran Hong3

12Department of Nursing, Daegu University
3Department of Nursing, Sunchon National University
Correspondence to: Department of nursing, Sunchon National University, Sunchon 57922, Korea. E-mail:
Received December 26, 2017; Revised January 6, 2018; Accepted January 8, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of mother-infant interaction program on the breast-feeding rate, infant temperament and maternal self-esteem. A non-equivalent control group post-test and time-series study design was used. The data were gathered from February, 2010 through May, 2012. The participants were forty mothers who delivered a healthy term infant in a university hospital. Twenty mothers were assigned to the experimental group and twenty mothers to the control group. The mother-infant interaction program was educational intervention focused on the mothers’ responses toward their infants’ cues. For the mothers in the experimental group, that program was provided prior to the delivery and reinforced once a week for one month postpartum by researchers. The rates of breast-feeding in experimental group were significantly higher than that of the control group at 1 (χ2 = 10.26, p = .004), 3 (χ2 = 12.53, p = .002) and 6 months (χ2 = 12.53, p = .002) postpartum. However, there were no significant differences of infant temperament (F = 0.32, p = .576) and maternal self-esteem (F = 0.61, p = .440). The results show that a mother-infant interaction program is helpful to enhance breast-feeding until 6 months postpartum.
Keywords : Breast-feeding, infant temperament, maternal self-esteem, mother-infant interaction.