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Factors influencing death anxiety of nursing students
Journal of the Korean Data & Information Science Society 2018;29:1227-42
Published online September 30, 2018
© 2018 Korean Data and Information Science Society.

JungAh Park1 · JuHee Lee2 · Chang Gi Park3 · Yoonju Lee4

1College of Nursing, Yonsei University
2College of Nursing, Yonsei University · Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute
3College of Nursing, University of Illinois Chicago
4College of Nursing, Pusan National University
Correspondence to: Associate professor, College of Nursing, Pusan National University, Yangsan 50612, Korea. E-mail: lyj@pusan.ac.kr
Received April 10, 2018; Revised May 24, 2018; Accepted June 14, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
This study aimed to identify factors influencing nursing students’death anxiety according to four separate sub-scales and levels of death anxiety. 162 nursing college students from two universities completed self-reported questionnaires that contained items on individual characteristics, self-esteem, satisfaction with life, depression and death anxiety. Data were analyzed using multiple linear regression and quantile regression. Self-esteem had a significant effect on anxiety of death and dying of self under 25 percentile, but anxiety of dying of others was significant at 75%. Especially experience of death of close others (50%, 75%), experience of death of patients in clinical setting (75%), frequency of the thought about death (10%, 25%, 75%, 90%) were significantly related to anxiety of self, but unrelated to death anxiety of self. The findings highlight that there were heterogeneous influencing factors among subscales and levels of death anxiety. Therefore intervention strategies for decreasing death anxiety for good EOL care should be tailed to subscales as well as levels of death anxiety of the nursing students.
Keywords : Anxiety, death, end of life care, nursing student, quantile regression.