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Exploring structural relationships among perceived factors of physical education classes in middle school students applying mediating effects and moderating effects analysis
Journal of the Korean Data & Information Science Society 2018;29:1243-55
Published online September 30, 2018
© 2018 Korean Data and Information Science Society.

Sae Hyung Kim1

1Department of Physical Education, Chungbuk National University
Correspondence to: Professor, Department of Physical Education, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju Chungbuk, 361-763, Korea. E-mail: ksme@cbnu.ac.kr
Received July 19, 2018; Revised September 3, 2018; Accepted September 4, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to provide a statistical analysis of the relationships among the surveyed factors of how middle school students perceive physical education class (PEC) in Korea. Specifically, mediating effect of the PEC teacher factor and the PEC evaluation factor between the PEC effect factor and the PEC participation factor. In addition, analyzed moderating effect of gender in each path coefficients. Subjects of the study were 598 middle students (male: 268, female: 330). Alpha level was set at .05. The main findings are as follows. First, the PEC effect factor had a statistically significant positive effect on the PEC participation factor. Second, the PEC effect factor had a significant influence on the PEC participation factor through mediation of the PEC teacher factor and the PEC evaluation factor. Third, direct effect of the PEC effect factor to the PEC participation factor was stronger on male than female, and female was more positive influenced than male by mediating effect of the PEC teacher factor between the PEC effect factor and the PEC evaluation factor.
Keywords : Mediating effect, middle school student, moderating effect, perception of physical education class.