search for




 

The effect of policy in child care subsidy
Journal of the Korean Data & Information Science Society 2019;30:193-204
Published online January 31, 2019;  https://doi.org/10.7465/jkdi.2019.30.1.193
© 2019 Korean Data and Information Science Society.

Sang Ha Lee1

1Department of Early Childhood Education, Yeungnam University
Correspondence to: PhD candidate, Department of Early Childhood Education, Yeungnam University, Kyeongsan, Korea. E-mail: beauty148@hanmail.net
Received November 12, 2018; Revised January 6, 2019; Accepted January 7, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine whether public policies for childcare subsidies would be effective for reducing the recipient households’ expenditure on childcare. Methods: This study used data collected from Wave 7 to Wave 11 from the Korean Welfare Panel Study (KoWePS). The current study performed a t-test to identify whether there would be a significant mean difference in expenditure on childcare between the recipient households and the non-recipient households. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to investigate the effects of public policies for childcare subsidies on the households’ expenditure on childcare according to their sociodemographics. Results: At first, there was a significant mean difference in expenditures on childcare between the recipient households and the non-recipient households. Overall, the recipient households spent less expenditure on childcare than the non-recipient households did. Secondly, the effects of public policies for childcare subsidies on the households’ expenditures on childcare were significant. Lastly, the benefits from the public policies for childcare subsidies seemed to vary according to age and education levels of householders, household incomes, and geographic location. Conclusions and Implications: The study results had implications: 1) selective and intensive approaches to providing public childcare subsidies are central to effective and efficient implementations of the public policies for childcare subsidies; 2) surveys the needs of households with children and the effects of the public policies for childcare subsidies in order to improve the policy.
Keywords : Childcare expenditure, childcare subsidy, policy effectiveness.