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The influencing factors of the cultural competence in undergraduate nursing students
Journal of the Korean Data & Information Science Society 2019;30:597-610
Published online May 31, 2019;
© 2019 Korean Data and Information Science Society.

Yoona Choi1 · Tae Wha Lee2

1Department of Nursing, the Graduate School, Yonsei University, 2Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute, College of Nursing, Yonsei University
Correspondence to: Professor, Mo-Im Kim nursing research institute, College of nursing, Yonsei university, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03722, Korea. E-mail:
Received March 22, 2019; Revised May 1, 2019; Accepted May 4, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
This study was to explain correlation of intercultural communicative competence, empathy, and nursing professionalism on the cultural competence and influencing factors of cultural competence in undergraduate nursing students. A total 199 subjects was surveyed using a self-report instrument from three nursing colleges. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, pearson correlation, and multiple regression. There was a significant positive correlation between cultural competence, intercultural communicative competence, empathy, and nursing professionalism. The regression model explained 25% of the significant factors- intercultural communicative competence (β = .41, p < .001), frequency of nursing experience of multicultural patient(β = .14, p = .034). Empathy was significant effect on cultural awareness (β = .17, p = .006) and cultural sensitivity (β = .21, p = .001) while nursing professionalism had a significant on cultural awareness (β = .32, p < .001), cultural sensitivity (β = .23, p < .001) and cultural skills(β = .14, p = .046). This finding showed that there were differences in the influencing factors among cultural competence and its sub domain. This study suggests developing nursing educational programs using these influencing factors and providing diverse clinical practicum environment needs to promote cultural competence.
Keywords : Cultural competency, cultural diversity, nursing student.