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Exploratory factor analysis of family relations by age according to the employment pattern of couples -Focused on the women’s family panel survey
Journal of the Korean Data & Information Science Society 2021;32:169-97
Published online January 31, 2021;  https://doi.org/10.7465/jkdi.2021.32.1.169
© 2021 Korean Data and Information Science Society.

Kwang-Yee Ko1 · Do-Hyang Ryu2

12Department of Institute of Humaniteis, Chonnam National University
Correspondence to: 1HK research professor, Institute of Humanties, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, Korea.
2Corresponding author: Professor, Institute of Humanties, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, Korea. E-mail : essayistisch@naver.com

This research was supported by Ministry of Education of the Republic of Korea and the National Research Foundation of Korea(NRF-2018S1A6A3A04042721).
Received November 17, 2020; Revised December 2, 2020; Accepted January 7, 2021.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Under the neoliberal economic system, the patriarchal family values and the pattern of family practice are changing as the capacity of male breadwinners is weakened and the gender division structure is dissolved due to the increase in women’s economic activities. In this study, we derived the factors of family relation by age according the employment pattern of couple using the female family panel survey data. In the case of married women participating in economic activities, the husband’s provision of housework is high, but the degree of stress among working women was high due to unfavorable working conditions and heavy household labor in a social environment where the culture of work-family compatibility has not been established. In addition, the husband’s economic activities are still an important factor in family life, as family relations factors appear unfavourably if only the wife is employed. Therefore, our society should improve the gender division system in the neoliberal labor market and break away from the dichotomous patriarchal value system of labor and care in order to establish a new family order and culture based on gender equality.
Keywords : Employment pattern of couples, exploratory factor analysis, factors of family relation, women’s economic activities, work-family compatibility.