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Factors influencing health-related quality of life of pregnant women: A comparative study
Journal of the Korean Data & Information Science Society 2021;32:501-14
Published online May 31, 2021;
© 2021 Korean Data and Information Science Society.

Hyunkyung Choi1

1College of Nursing·Research Institute of Nursing Science, Kyungpook National University
Correspondence to: This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. 2017R1C1B1010177).
1 Associate professor, College of Nursing, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, 41944, Korea. E-mail:
Received February 3, 2021; Revised March 31, 2021; Accepted April 5, 2021.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Pregnancy affects both the pregnant women and their unborn babies. Thus it is important to explore the level of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of pregnant women and its influencing factors. The aim of this study was to compare the HRQoL of pregnant women and to explore influencing factors on the HRQoL of two groups according to employment status. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted with 229 pregnant women (120 pregnant women with job and 109 pregnant women without job). We conducted exploratory data analysis (i.e., descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression). There were differences between two groups regarding pregnancy stress, prenatal depression, marital intimacy, social support, and HRQoL. Pregnant women with job reported greater level of HRQoL. In both groups, prenatal depression, marital intimacy, pregnancy stress, and social support influenced differently on their HRQoL. Thus, it is important to develop and apply targeted programs to improve HRQoL of pregnant women.
Keywords : Employment, health, pregnancy, quality of life.