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The effects of an empowerment strategy based diabetes self management education program†
Journal of the Korean Data & Information Science Society 2021;32:983-95
Published online September 30, 2021;
© 2021 Korean Data and Information Science Society.

Min Kyung Park1 · Jung Tae Son2

12Department Nursing, Daegu Catholic University
Correspondence to: 1 Doctorial student, Department of Nursing, Graduate School, Daegu Catholic University, Nam-gu, Daegu 42472, Korea.
2 Professor, Department of Nursing, Nam-gu, Daegu Catholic University, Daegu 42472, Korea. E-mail:
This article is based on a part of the first author’s master’s thesis from Daegu Catholic University. No research funding.
Received August 11, 2021; Revised September 7, 2021; Accepted September 8, 2021.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of an empowerment program for Type 2 diabetes patients. The research was organized in a nonequivalent control group pre-post test design. Thirty diabetic patients were conveniently assigned to either an empowerment program group (n=15) or a didactic lecture group (n=15). Data were collected from July 4 to September 5, 2017. After 4 weeks of testing intervention, diabetes knowledge, empowerment and self care behavior scores of participants in the empowerment program increased and their HbA1c reduced significantly more than those in the pre-test. There were no significant differences between the empowerment program group and didactic lecture group. Through this study, it was confirmed that the empowerment approach-based educational method that can help the patients discover and develop their potential self-care capacity has a potential as a new self-care education method that is differentiated from the existing methods focusing only on the unilateral delivery of knowledge.
Keywords : Diabetes, education program, knowledge, patient participation, self-care.