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Geospatial analysis of accessibility to medical services in Cheongju after urban consolidation
Journal of the Korean Data & Information Science Society 2024;35:365-78
Published online May 31, 2024;  https://doi.org/10.7465/jkdi.2024.35.3.365
© 2024 Korean Data and Information Science Society.

MinGi Kim1 · Hyun Woo Kim2

12Department of Sociology, Chungbuk National University
Correspondence to: This work was supported by the research grant of Chungbuk National University in 2021. This research was also supported by “Regional Innovation Strategy (RIS)” through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (MOE) (2021RIS-001).
1 Researcher, Korea Health Industry Development Institute, Cheongju 28159 Korea.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Cheongju 28644, Korea. E-mail: hxk271@cbnu.ac.kr
Received February 25, 2024; Revised April 11, 2024; Accepted April 22, 2024.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
This study proposes a novel method for identifying health care disadvantaged areas and analyzing the spatial disparities of health care accessibility using GIS. Taking Cheongju-si, Chungcheongbuk-do, South Korea as a research case, the current study analyzes disparities in health care accessibility with respect to travel times from patients’ residences to various levels of hospitals, employing origin-destination matrix analysis and iso-area as polygons mapping. Despite efforts to promote the consolidation between rural and urban areas, the study confirmed that significant health care disparities persist. Such issue might not be unique to Cheongju, but may also arise in other urban consolidated cities. This study discusses future research and policy implications for identification of health care disadvantaged areas and improvements to health care workforce supply systems.
Keywords : Accessibility to health care facility, health care accessibility, iso-area as polygons, origin-destination matrix analysis, urban consolidation